What are Probiotics?

The World Health Organization defines probiotics as live micro organisms
which when administered in adequate amounts confers a benefit on the host.

The benefits of probiotics include:

Enhances immune system response1

Balances out the adverse effects of antibiotics, including occasional diarrhea2

Healthier looking skin and improves complexion3

Enhances ability to digest food4

Increases nutrient absorption from food5

Encourages normal digestive health, including promoting normal bowel movements.6

Increases ability to synthesize B vitamins7

Heightens ability to absorb calcium8

1. Cunningham-Rundles, S., Ahrne´, S. and Bengmark, S. “Probiotics and immune response.” Am. J. Gastroenterol.(2000): 95:22–25.

2. D’Souza Aloysius L., Rajkumar Chakravarthi, Cooke Jonathan, Bulpitt Christopher J. “Probiotics in prevention of antibiotic associated diarrhoea: meta-analysis.” BMJ (2002): 324-1361.c

3. Al-Ghazzewi, F.h., and R.f. Tester. “Impact of prebiotics and probiotics on skin health.” Beneficial Microbes (2014): 99-107.

4. Syngai, Gareth Gordon, et al. “Probiotics – the Versatile Functional Food Ingredients.” Journal of Food Science and Technology (2016): 921–933.

5. Krajmalnik-Brown, Rosa, Zehra-Esra Ilhan, Dae-Wook Kang, and John K. Dibaise. “Effects of Gut Microbes on Nutrient Absorption and Energy Regulation.” Nutrition in Clinical Practice 27.2 (2012): 201-14.

6. Sebastián domingo J.J. “Review of the role of probiotics in gastrointestinal diseases in adults.” Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2017 Jun – Jul; 40(6):417-429

7. Capozzi V., Russo P., Dueñas M.T., López P., Spano G. “Lactic acid bacteria producing B-group vitamins: a great potential for functional cereals products.” Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. (2012): 96(6):1383-94.

8. Scholz-ahrens K.E., Ade P., Marten B., et al. “Prebiotics, probiotics, and synbiotics affect mineral absorption, bone mineral content, and bone structure.” J Nutr. 2007 Mar; 137(3 Suppl 2):838S-46S